Международное торговое право - страница 3

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Section 2: Word Formation


I Formation of nouns

* Для того чтобы ударная гласная в слове не изменяла своего чтения, согласная удваивается.


a

Write down how the following English nouns are formed:

opposition

(противодействие) ………….

to oppose + tion

.............…..

accusation

(обвинение) ……………………………………….

infringement

(нарушение) ……………………………………….

persecutor

(преследователь) ……………………………………….

employer

(работодатель) ………………………………………..

employee

(работник) ………………………………………..

complaintant

(жалобщик, истец) ………………………………………..

b

Form nouns from the following words:

to forge

(подделывать) ……

+ er forger

................……….

useful

(полезный) …….

+ ness usefulness

.....………

polite

(вежливый) ..............................................

to dispute

(оспорить) ……………………………..

to arrest

(арестовать) …………………………….

to challenge

(бросать вызов) …………………………….

to hear

(слушать) ………………………………


a Write down how the following adjectives are formed:

notarial

(нотариальный)

notary + ial

....................

selective

(разборчивый) …………………………

manageable

(управляемый) …………………………

inflationary

(инфляционный) …………………………

guilty

(виновный) …………………………

guiltless

(невиновный) …………………………

b

Write down how the following adjectives are formed and translate them into Russian:

motionless

motion + less (

неподвижный

)

.................................

interrogative

...............................................................................

predictable .

..............................................................................

soluble

...............................................................................

conditional .

..............................................................................

careless

...............................................................................






a

Write down how the following words are formed:

unbiased (беспристрастный)

............

un

+

biased

........................

inadvisable (нецелесообразный)

........................................................

irrespective (безотносительный) .

.......................................................

non - interference (невмешательство)

..............................................…..

misfortune (неудача, несчастье) .

..................................................

.


to reclaim (требовать обратно)

....................................................

to endanger (подвергать опасности)

...................................................

b

Form verbs from the following nouns and translate them into Russian:

force

...

to enforse

......................

prison

...................................

title .

.................................

circle .

...................................

act.

................................

part

....................................

с

Form adjective with a negative meaning :

dated

(датированный) .............

undated

..............

authorised

(разрешенный) .......................................

valid

(действительный) .......................................

responsible

(ответственный) .......................................

competent

(компетентный) .......................................

possible

(возможный) .......................................



a

Form adverbs from the following adjectives and translate them into Russian:

accurate

accurately (

точно

)

indirect

……………………

inaccurate

……………………..

fair

……………………

applicable

……………………..

objective

……………………

illegal

………………………

offensive

…………………….

a

Write down the parts of speech the following words are and translate them into Russian:

to offend .(verb) нарушать

....................……..

offender .(noun) правонарушитель

………..

offensive .(adjective) оскорбительный

…….

offensive .(noun) наступление

………………

to oblige .................................. notary ......................................


obligation .......................……… notarial .................................….


obligor ............................….. to notarize .............................…….


obligator ..........................…… null .....................................


obligatory .......................…….. to nullify ................................….


to appeal ................................. nullification ...........................…….


appeal .............................…. to indemnify ...............................….


appeallee .......................…….. indemnification ....................…………


appeallant .......................…….. indemnity ………………………


b

Match the English and Russian equivalents:


с

Translate into Russian:

lawyer

.....................................

to legate

...............................…..

leqatee

………………………

legislator

.......................................


to legislate

...................................…


leqislation

………………………..

d

Translate into English:
закон ..................
законный ..................
незаконный ..................
легализовать ...................
законодательство ..................
законодатель ................................
законодательствовать ...............…………
законник ...............................
законность ..............................
правовой ......................…….

е

Write down as many words as you can which have the same roots (making word-families) and translate them into Russian, as in the example

date –

дата

....................................................................................………………………………………….

to date

датировать

.......................................................…………………………….……………….

dated

датированный

...................................………………………………………………………….

undated

без даты

..................…………………………………………………………………………

to update -

обновить

,

освежить, привести в соответствие с последними событиями

........

use

........................................................................................................

suspect

..............................................................................................……..

convict

..................................................................................….........…….

to accuse

...........................................................................................……….

to claim

..............................................................................................…….

to employ

.........................................................................................………..

to hear

.…………………………………………………………………..

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